Ovulation induction is a therapy involving stimulation of the ovaries to produce multiple eggs. For women in whom ovulation appears to be the only issue, this type of therapy may be sufficient to achieve pregnancy.
Clomiphene citrate, an oral medication, is commonly prescribed for this therapy due to its effectiveness, low cost and relative safety. More potent injected medications, which require additional monitoring of your body's response to these drugs, are another option for treatment. These medications may also be used to control the timing of ovulation, or in conjunction with intrauterine insemination or in vitro fertilization.
Potential risks associated with use of these medications include an increased chance for multiple births and the development of ovarian cysts.
Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is a simple procedure in which a slender tube is used to place sperm into the uterus around the time of ovulation. It is often recommended for patients suffering from low sperm count, low motility, sperm/mucus incompatibility or other medical conditions.
Inseminations are performed after monitoring ovulation patterns with ovulation predictor kits. Intrauterine insemination may also be used in conjunction with ovulation induction. Frequently, couples find that it may take several cycles with inseminations for conception to occur.